July 2012

Vascularized right testis. Does this exclude a testicular torsion?

Clinical Info

Acute onset of scrotal pain on the right side that started a few hours before the ultrasound examination. At the time of the examination the pain had already diminished a bit, but was still present

Ultrasound Images & Clips

Vascularized normal looking testis. Does this exclude a testicular torsion?

Longitudinal image of the right testis with vessels seen with e-flow
Longitudinal image of the right testis with vessels seen with e-flow
Color doppler image of the left testis
Color doppler image of the left testis
Another color doppler image of the right testis. There are less vessels seen than on the left side
Another color doppler image of the right testis. There are less vessels seen than on the left side
The right testis looks completely normal
The right testis looks completely normal
The epididymis is slightly thickened and shows vessels with color doppler. Does this mean that there is an epididymitis?
The epididymis is slightly thickened and shows vessels with color doppler. Does this mean that there is an epididymitis?
Transverse image of the epididymis and right testis with flow
Transverse image of the epididymis and right testis with flow
A part of the epididymis has a spiral aspect. Does that change your diagnosis
A part of the epididymis has a spiral aspect. Does that change your diagnosis
Videoclip of the peritesticular structures
Color doppler image of the spiral stucture showing spiral flow
Color doppler image of the spiral stucture showing spiral flow
A spiral aspect always means that there is a torsion. This is an indication for immediate surgery. Sometimes there is some flow visible in the testis and or epididymis, when the torsion is not complete. However this can very easily change.
A spiral aspect always means that there is a torsion. This is an indication for immediate surgery. Sometimes there is some flow visible in the testis and or epididymis, when the torsion is not complete. However this can very easily change.
This is the epidydimis of a 13 year old boy with acute onset of scrotal pain on the right side. In this case there is not a spiral aspect but a knot
This is the epidydimis of a 13 year old boy with acute onset of scrotal pain on the right side. In this case there is not a spiral aspect but a knot
This is another image of the the epidydimis of the same 13 year old boy.
This is another image of the the epidydimis of the same 13 year old boy.
The right testis is slightly swollen
The right testis is slightly swollen
Longitudinal image of the left normal testis for comparison
Longitudinal image of the left normal testis for comparison
In this case there is also minimal detectable flow in the right testis
In this case there is also minimal detectable flow in the right testis
Is is possible to obtain a doppler signal but the velocities are extremely low
Is is possible to obtain a doppler signal but the velocities are extremely low
18 year old with a painfull testis for a few hours
18 year old with a painfull testis for a few hours
There is some flow detectable
There is some flow detectable
The normal testis is not swollen and there are more vessels visible
The normal testis is not swollen and there are more vessels visible
The doppler signal in the normal testis has a low resistance signal
The doppler signal in the normal testis has a low resistance signal
Again there is a knot visible in the transverse view indicating testicular torsion even though there is still flow detectable
Again there is a knot visible in the transverse view indicating testicular torsion even though there is still flow detectable
Longitudinal image with the knot dorsal of the testis
Longitudinal image with the knot dorsal of the testis

Conclusion

All patients were operated and the diagnosis testicular torsion was confirmed. At the time of operation the testis in these patients was already discolored. The testis was detordated and recovered quickly in all cases. In cases of an incomplete testicular torsion the symptoms can change according to the amount of torsion. Flow can be detected and does not exclude a torsion. A spiral aspect of the pertesticular vessels or a peritesticular knot is always highly suspicious for a torsion. Also look for other signs like swelling and changes in the doppler signal


Details

  • Sex: Male
  • Age: 22

Created with

  • Hitachi Ultrasound System